Macular degeneration is an eye condition associated with aging that gradually destroys sharp, central vision. If you are suffering from distorted or blurred vision, you might have macular degeneration. At Summerlin Vision in the Las Vegas area, we can help monitor and treat your condition closely to improve eye health.
What is Age-Related Macular Degeneration (AMD)?
Age-Related Macular Degeneration (AMD) is caused by the decline of the central part of the retina, the interior back layer of the eye that captures the images we see and sends them through the optic nerve of the eye to the brain. The retina’s central part, known as the macula, is responsible for focusing central vision in the eye. It controls our ability to read, identify faces or colors, drive, and see objects.
What Are the Types of Macular Degeneration and Their Symptoms?
Dry macular degeneration mainly affects older people, and its cause is unknown. The condition causes small yellow or white deposits to develop over time on your retina, leading to the degeneration of your macula. The symptoms of dry macular degeneration are more gradual, and the severity of the condition is not noticed until central vision decreases over time. Its symptoms include:
- Distortion in your eyesight
- Difficulty seeing in poor lighting
- Blurry words when reading
- Colors losing their brightness
Wet macular degeneration is less common and can cause severe vision loss. It happens when abnormal blood vessels under the retina grow toward the macula and cause retinal damage. The wet type can lead to rapid vision loss and causes haziness or blank spots in your central vision.
What Are the Stages of Macular Degeneration?
There are three stages of macular degeneration.
- Early AMD –Most people do not suffer vision loss in the early stage of AMD, so regular eye exams are essential. Early AMD can be diagnosed by the presence of mid-sized yellow deposits beneath the retina.
- Intermediate AMD – During this stage, there may be some vision loss, though no apparent symptom will be present. A detailed eye exam with specific tests will reveal more extensive yellow deposits or pigment changes in the retina.
- Late AMD –At this stage, there will be total vision loss.
How Can Macular Degeneration Be Treated?
If you suffer from dry or wet macular degeneration, we may suggest healthy changes in your lifestyle. This would include following a nutritious and balanced diet, avoiding smoking, maintaining a healthy weight, taking vitamin supplements, and protecting your eyes from the harmful sun rays.
Dr. Civia McCaffrey may also prescribe medications or recommend you undertake low vision rehabilitation, laser therapy, injections, or surgery to implant a telescopic lens into your eye. Although macular degeneration has no cure, the condition is manageable.
To get a comprehensive eye exam and know more about managing macular degeneration, visit us at Summerlin Vision in the Las Vegas area or call at (702) 243-8788 to schedule your appointment.